Gingivitis is a common condition that affects the gums and leads to swelling, redness, and bleeding, and the cause of gingivitis can be the accumulation of plaque and plaque on the teeth or advanced gum disease.
and gingivitis may be painful and uncomfortable, and lead to more serious problems in the teeth and gums if not treated, and in this article, we will discuss the treatment of gingivitis and swelling at home, and we will provide detailed information about the different methods you can use to relieve symptoms and speed recovery.
The cause of gingivitis and swelling
Have you noticed that your gums are starting to swell and redden? If so, it may be a sign of gingivitis, a common condition that can lead to more serious problems in the teeth and gums if not treated.
we will now learn about the cause of gingivitis and swelling, which is the accumulation of plaque and plaque on the teeth, where plaque is a sticky layer of bacteria that forms on the teeth, which leads to gingivitis, and it is best to avoid the cause of gingivitis and swelling from the beginning and take care of the teeth and brush them properly.
Factors that increase the risk of gingivitis
Many factors can increase the risk of gingivitis, including:
- Not paying attention to oral hygiene: Not brushing teeth twice a day, using dental floss once a day, and not visiting the dentist regularly to clean teeth and remove plaque are all factors that can increase the risk of gingivitis.
- Smoking: Smoking can weaken the immune system, making it difficult for the body to fight infection, as it leads to increased saliva production, making it difficult for the gums to heal.
- Other medical conditions: Other medical conditions, such as autoimmune disorders, can increase your risk of gingivitis.
Symptoms of gingivitis
After we know the cause of gingivitis and swelling, now we learn about the symptoms of gingivitis, which when they appear, you must go to the dentist immediately to take the necessary action, and the symptoms of gingivitis vary according to its severity, as in the early stages of gingivitis, you may not notice any symptoms at all, however, as the disease progresses, the following symptoms are observed:
- Swollen gums.
- Redness and swelling.
- Bleeding gums easily when brushing teeth or floss.
- Bad breath.
- The gums retract from the teeth, revealing the roots of the teeth.
- Teeth move if the gums retract significantly.
Complications of gingivitis
If periodontal gingivitis is not treated, it may develop into periodontitis, which is more serious and can lead to tooth loss, complications of gingivitis include:
- Tooth loss: If gingivitis is not treated, it can cause tooth loss, because gingivitis causes the bone that supports the teeth to be lost.
- Gum abscess: Gum abscess is a bacterial infection of the gums, and gum abscesses can cause severe pain, swelling, and redness of the gums, and if not treated, the infection may spread to other parts of the body.
- Pregnancy problems: Gingivitis may increase the risk of complications during pregnancy, such as premature birth or low birth weight.
- Cardiovascular disease: A complication of gingivitis is an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, such as heart attacks and strokes.
Treatment of gum pain and swelling at home
If you suffer from gum pain and swelling, you can treat gum pain and swelling at home, which may help relieve symptoms, such as:
Gums pain and swelling can be treated at home by rinsing with saline, as salt helps kill bacteria and reduce inflammation, saline solution is a common home remedy for gingivitis, it is safe and effective and can help relieve symptoms, such as pain and swelling, and to prepare saline, follow these steps:
- Add a teaspoon of salt to a glass of warm water.
- Stir the salt until completely dissolved.
- Rinse your mouth with the solution for 30 seconds, before spitting it out.
- You can repeat this process several times a day until your symptoms improve.
Use of household mouthwash
Using home mouthwash is another common treatment for gingivitis, as it can help kill bacteria and reduce inflammation, which can relieve symptoms, such as pain and swelling, there are many different recipes when using home mouthwash, and some common recipes include:
- Vinegar mouthwash: Add a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar to a glass of warm water.
- Tea tree oil mouthwash: Add a few drops of tea tree oil to a glass of warm water.
- Mint mouthwash: Add a few fresh mint leaves to a glass of warm water.
How to use home mouthwash
To use a home mouthwash, follow these steps:
- Add the ingredients to a glass of warm water.
- Stir the ingredients until completely dissolved.
- Rinse your mouth with the solution for 30 seconds, before spitting it out.
Mouthwash from lemongrass oil
Lemongrass oil is a natural oil that has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, it can kill bacteria that cause gingivitis, and to make a mouthwash from lemongrass oil, follow these steps:
- Add 3–4 drops of lemongrass oil to a glass of warm water.
- Stir until completely combined.
- Rinse your mouth with a mouthwash solution of lemongrass oil for 30 seconds.
Aloe Vera mouthwash
Aloe vera is a plant known for its medicinal properties, as it contains many vitamins and minerals, including vitamins A, C and E, in addition to aloin, a compound that has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, and if you want to make mouthwash from aloe vera, you can use fresh aloe vera gel, just follow these steps:
- Cut off a leaf from the aloe vera plant.
- Use a sharp knife to separate the gel layer from the sheet.
- Put the gel in a glass.
- Add warm water until the mixture reaches the desired volume.
- Rinse your mouth with an aloe vera mouthwash solution for 30 seconds.
Mouthwash from tea tree oil
Tea tree oil is a natural oil that has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, helping treat gingivitis in several ways, including:
- Kill bacteria: Tea tree oil has antibacterial properties that are useful in killing bacteria that are the cause of gingivitis and swelling.
- Reduce inflammation: Tea tree oil can also help reduce inflammation in the gums.
- Soothe gums: Tea tree oil is useful in soothing irritated or inflamed gums.
How to make mouthwash from tea tree oil
To make a mouthwash from tea tree oil, just follow these steps:
- Add 2–3 drops of tea tree oil to a glass of warm water.
- Stir until completely combined.
- Rinse your mouth with the solution for 30 seconds.
Mouthwash from guava leaves
There is some scientific evidence that indicates that mouthwash from guava leaves is useful in treating gingivitis and swelling, guava leaves contain anti-inflammatory and antibacterial compounds, which help reduce inflammation and the growth of bacteria that cause gingivitis, and the following is how to make mouthwash from guava leaves:
- Take 6 guava leaves, and cut them into small pieces.
- Add the leaves to a glass of boiling water.
- Then leave to cool for 15 minutes.
- Drain the water and use it as a mouthwash
Turmeric gel to relieve gingivitis
Turmeric is an herbal plant that contains anti-inflammatory and antibacterial compounds, which may help relieve gingivitis. Turmeric gel can be used to relieve gingivitis in various ways, including:
Using turmeric gel as a mouthwash
Turmeric gel can be used to relieve gingivitis as a mouthwash twice a day for two minutes each time, by applying turmeric gel to the toothbrush and then brushing the teeth as usual.
Putting turmeric gel on the gums
Turmeric gel can be applied directly to the gums affected by inflammation, by using a dropper to apply turmeric gel and leave it for 15 minutes before spitting it out.
Eating turmeric with food
Turmeric can be taken with food, by adding it to food, juices or tea.
How to make turmeric gel to relieve gingivitis
- Take a tablespoon of ground turmeric.
- Add a tablespoon of hot water.
- Mix turmeric and water until homogeneous.
- Place the mixture in an airtight container, refrigerating for up to a week.
Before using turmeric gel to relieve gingivitis, you should consult your dentist or dental professional to make sure it’s safe for you.
Oil rinsing is an ancient practice in which a tablespoon of oil is used to gargle in the mouth for 15–20 minutes, as this practice is believed to have many health benefits, including improving oral health, treating inflammation and swelling of the gums, and improving mouth odor.
Benefits of rinsing with oil for gingivitis
Some studies suggest that rinsing with oil may be effective in treating gingivitis, as it helps:
- Remove the bacteria that cause gingivitis: The oil contains antibacterial properties that help remove bacteria that accumulate on teeth and gums, which can be the cause of gingivitis.
- Reduce inflammation: The oil also helps reduce inflammation in the gums.
- Improve blood circulation: The oil also helps improve blood circulation in the gums, which helps in the speedy healing of gingivitis.
How to rinse with oil
To perform oil rinsing, follow these steps:
- Brush your teeth and paste as usual.
- Drink a glass of water to remove food and drink from your mouth.
- Scoop a tablespoon of oil into your mouth.
- Start gargling with oil all over your mouth.
- Continue rinsing for 15–20 minutes.
- Spit the oil in the trash.
- Rinse your mouth with warm water.
Treatment of gingivitis and swelling for pregnant women
Pregnancy is a period of many physical and psychological changes, which also include hormonal changes, which can affect many body systems, including the mouth and gums, in some cases, these changes can lead to inflammation and swelling of the gums.
In addition to these hormonal changes, changes in diet during pregnancy also cause inflammation and swelling of the gums; increasing the intake of sugary or acidic foods can lead to the accumulation of bacteria in the mouth, which increases the risk of gingivitis, and methods of treating gingivitis and swelling for pregnant women in normal cases; cleaning teeth and using plastic floss once a day, but in severe cases, the treatment is as follows:
- Antibiotics: Antibiotics kill the bacteria that cause gingivitis.
- Anti-inflammatory: Anti-inflammatories help reduce swelling and pain in pregnant women.
Treatment of gingivitis in the dental clinic
If the condition of the gums is worse, one of the ways to treat gingivitis and swelling for pregnant women may be the following:
- Gum scaling: Gum scaling is done to remove tartar and bacteria that accumulate underneath.
- Tartar removal: Tartar is removed from teeth using specialized tools.
Treatment of gingivitis and swelling at home for children
Gingivitis and swelling at home for children can be treated in several ways, including:
- Rinsing with salt water: Salt helps kill bacteria and treat gingivitis and swelling at home for children.
- Many herbal mouthwashes have anti-inflammatory properties, such as mouthwashes made with chamomile, mint, or cinnamon.
- Apply cold compresses: Cold compresses can help reduce pain and swelling by applying them for 20 minutes at a time.
- Eat fresh fruits and vegetables: They help strengthen the immune system and fight inflammation, and children should eat at least five servings of fruits and vegetables a day.
Tips for preventing gingivitis
Gingivitis is a common problem in children and can lead to tooth loss if not treated. Here are some tips for preventing gingivitis in children:
Brushing and flossing properly
Brushing and flossing twice a day is key to preventing gingivitis, you should use a soft toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste, with dental floss starting at the age of three.
Visit the dentist
The dentist can professionally examine and clean children’s teeth and gums, as children should start visiting the dentist regularly early.
Avoid sugary foods
Sugary foods lead to plaque buildup on the teeth, which can lead to gingivitis, so children should reduce the intake of sugary foods, such as sweets and soft drinks.
If symptoms of gingivitis in children do not improve after using home remedies, or if other symptoms, such as fever or difficulty swallowing, appear, see a doctor
In the end, make sure to teach your child these tips from a young age, and make him practice them daily; the health of your child’s teeth is the health of his smile, and it is the health of his future.